Located in the geographic center of Maryland, Baltimore County almost completely surrounds the city of Baltimore, which was divided as an independent city in 1851. The county is the largest jurisdiction in the metropolitan area, boasting a population of more than 800,000. The city of Baltimore is an entity almost surrounded but separated from Baltimore County, which is headquartered in Towson. Although it is an independent city rather than a county, the city of Baltimore is considered equal to a county for most purposes and is equivalent to a county. The main distinction between Baltimore City and Baltimore County is that the city of Baltimore has the same powers and responsibilities as the state's counties. This implies that it has its own government, laws, and regulations that are distinct from those of the county.
Additionally, the city of Baltimore has its own police force and fire department. Another difference between Baltimore City and Baltimore County is that the city of Baltimore has its own school system. This means that students who live in the city attend different schools than those who live in the county. The city also has its own public transportation system, which includes buses and light rail. Finally, there are differences in taxes between Baltimore City and Baltimore County. The city has higher taxes than the county, which can affect residents' budgets.
Additionally, there are different zoning laws between the two jurisdictions. In summary, there are several differences between Baltimore City and Baltimore County. These include powers and responsibilities, police and fire departments, school systems, public transportation systems, and taxes.